One sample was found to be positive for Salmonella out of 499 whole cantaloupes collected and tested for the bacteria.
CFIA initiated a food safety investigation after the unsatisfactory result, which led to a product recall but no illnesses associated with the product were reported.
The agency identified cantaloupes as one of the priority commodity groups of fresh fruits and vegetables for enhanced surveillance.
The findings suggest that the vast majority of cantaloupes in the Canadian market are produced and handled under good agricultural and manufacturing practices.
However, cantaloupe contamination with Salmonella could sporadically occur, said the agency.